Phonics is an important aspect of children developing ‘reading and writing’ skills. It is taught daily for 20 minutes starting in Foundation One through to Key Stage One. At Marshland we teach the children using the government ‘Letters and Sounds’ program and supplement it with ‘Jolly Phonics’. Jolly phonics is a multi-sensory based program that is fun, active and meets all children’s learning needs. The ‘Letters and Sounds’ program is split into six phases:
Foundation One - Phase One
Foundation Two - Phase Two –Phase Four
Key Stage One - Phase Five-Phase Six
Pupils who leave Key Stage One below Phase Five will revisit that phase , and will be supported weekly using an intervention program planned by the class teacher.
Children starting in Foundation Two will be invited to a ‘Phonic meeting’ in the Autumn Term which will provide parent/carers with information on how to support their child at home. At Marshland we will be organising a weekly ‘Phonics After School Club’ for Foundation Two and Year One. During the Spring Term there will be a ‘Parent Phonic Workshop’ to support the children with the skills they will need for the ‘Phonics Screening’ test in June, 2018.
Below is a video, designed for teachers, but which gives an outline to how the test is assessed and carried out.
The Sounds of Letters
Tips for teaching your child the sounds:
- It is important for a child to learn lower case or small letters rather than capital letters at first. Most early books and games use lower case letters and your child will learn these first at school. Obviously you should use a capital letter when required, such as at the beginning of the child's name, eg. Paul.
- When you talk about letters to your child, remember to use the letter souds: a buh cuh duh e....rather than the alphabet names of the letters: ay bee see dee ee. The reason for this is that sounding out words is practically impossible if you use the alphabet names, eg. cat, would sound like: see ay tee.
- When saying the sounds of b, d, g, j and w you will notice the 'uh' sound which follows each, for example buh, duh... You cannot say the sound without it, however, try to emphasise the main letter sound. Additionally think about the s, l, m, n sounds these should be heard as s (as in kiss) and I (as in full) m (as in mum) and n (as in sun), rather than suh, luh, muh, nuh as these are not phonetically plausible pronunciations.
- Children are taught the technical vocabulary when taught phonics, so for example, they will learn to identify the digraph 'ee' as the ee in sheep. Children develop their use of phonics for reading and writing with sound buttons and phoneme frames.
To hear the English sounds enunciated correctly click on the audio below.
Useful Phonic links
Phonics Play Website, free resources available and subscribe to receive more: